Wednesday, July 6, 2011

Civil War Facts

The chance of surviving a wound in the Civil War was 7 to 1. In comparison, the chance of surviving a wound in the Korean war was 50 to 1.

Of the 364,000 Union soldiers who died during the war, a third of them died from wounds sustained during the war while two-thirds died of disease.

The population of the U.S. in 1860 was 31,442,321 people. Northerners made up 23,000,000 of this number and Southerns made up 9,000,000 while slaves made up the remaining 3,500,000.

During the Civil War, 15 percent of the wounded died. During WWI, 8 percent of the wounded died. During WWII, 4 percent of the wounded died and during the Korean war 2 percent of the wounded died.

The most common diseases afflicting soldiers during the Civil War were dysentery, malaria, typhoid fever and arthritis.

Many of the doctors treating soldiers during the Civil War never went to medical school. Their medical experience often consisted of apprenticeships for medical practitioners.

During the battle of Gettysburg, many of the wounded were picked up and brought to the hospital within 12 hours of the end of the battle. During the battle of Bull Run, many of the wounded were not picked up until three of four days after the end of the battle.

The majority of wounds suffered during the Civil War, about 80 percent, were in the soldiers extremities such as hands, arms, feet and legs.

Over 3 million men fought in the Civil War.

About 2 percent of the U.S. population died in the Civil War – about 600,000 people.

Bounties were often given to new recruits as an incentive to sign up for the war. Some states, such as New York, offered as much as $677 dollars. As a result, “bounty jumping” became a problem. Many recruits would sign up, desert the army and then sign up elsewhere.

African-American men made up only 1 percent of the population in the North yet 10 percent of the Union army. Among all the African-American men eligible to enlist, 85 percent of them did so.




Sources:

PBS: Fact Sheet
http://www.pbs.org/civilwar/war/facts.html

19th Alabama Infantry Regiment: Pertinent Facts About the Civil War
http://www.19thalabama.org/cwfacts.html

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